MURDER and murder
MURDER and murder is a middle-aged love story between Mildred, a life-long lesbian, and Doris, who is in love with a woman for the first time. An unflinching meditation on female aging, lesbian sexuality and breast cancer in a culture that glorifies youth and heterosexual romance.
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When Yvonne Rainer made her first feature-length film in 1972, she had already influenced the world of dance and choreography for nearly a decade. From the beginning of her film career she inspired audiences to think about what they saw, interweaving the real and fictional, the personal and political, the concrete and abstract in imaginative, unpredictable ways. Her bold feminist sensibility and often controversial subject matter, leavened with a quirky humor, has made her, as the Village Voice dubbed her in 1986, "The most influential American avant-garde filmmaker of the past dozen years, with an impact as evident in London or Berlin as in New York.
Rainer was born in San Francisco in 1934. She trained as a modern dancer in New York from 1957 and began to choreograph her own work in 1960. She was one of the founders of the Judson Dance Theater in 1962, the beginning of a movement that proved to be a vital force in modern dance in the following decades. Between 1962 and 1975 she presented her choreography throughout the United States and Europe, notably on Broadway in 1969, in Scandinavia, London, Germany, and Italy between 1964 and 1972, and at the Festival D'Automne in Paris in 1972. In 1968 she began to integrate short films into her live performances, and by 1975 she had made a complete transition to filmmaking.
In 1972 she completed a first feature-length film, LIVES OF PERFORMERS. In all she has completed seven features: FILM ABOUT A WOMAN WHO... (1974), KRISTINA TALKING PICTURES (1976), JOURNEYS FROM BERLIN/1971 (1980, co-produced by the British Film Institute and winner of the Special Achievement Award from the Los Angeles Film Critics' Association), THE MAN WHO ENVIED WOMEN (1985), PRIVILEGE (1990, winner of the Filmmakers' Trophy at the Sundance Film Festival, Park City. Utah, 1991, and the Geyer Werke Prize at the International Documentary Film Festival in Munich, 1991), and MURDER and murder (1996).
Rainer's films have been shown extensively in the U.S. and throughout the world, in alternative film exhibition showcases and revival houses (such as the Bleecker St Cinema, Roxy-S.F., NuArt-L.A, Film Forum-NYC, et al), in museums and in universities. Her films have also been screened at festivals in Los Angeles (Filmex), London, Montreux, Toronto, Edinburgh, Mannheim, Berlin, Locarno, Rotterdam, Creteil, Deauville, Toulon, Montreal, Hamburg, Salsa Majori, Figueira da Foz, Munich, Vienna, Athens (Ohio), Sundance, Hong Kong, Yamagata, and Sydney.
A half-hour video tape entitled YVONNE RAINER: STORY OF A FILMMAKER WHO... was aired on Film and Video Review, WNET-TV in 1980. THE MAN WHO ENVIED WOMEN was aired on Independent Focus, WNET-TV in, 1989, and PRIVILEGE on the same program in 1992 and during the summer of 1994.
In the Spring of 1997—to coincide with the release of MURDER and murder—complete retrospectives of the films of Yvonne Rainer were mounted at the Museum of Modern Art in San Francisco and at the Film Society of Lincoln Center in New York City.
In 2006 MIT Press published Yvonne Rainer's memoir Feelings Are Facts: A Life
1972 LIVES OF PERFORMERS
1974 FILM ABOUT A WOMAN WHO...
1976 KRISTINA TALKING PICTURES
1980 JOURNEYS FROM BERLIN/1971
1985 THE MAN WHO ENVIED WOMEN
1996 MURDER and murder
Articles on Yvonne Rainer
Recasting 40 Years of America's Creative Life
- Roberta Smith in The New York Times, 2004
A comprehensive article in Senses of Cinema
by Erin Brannigan
Books by and about Yvonne Rainer
The Films Of Yvonne Rainer (Indiana University Press, 1974)
A Woman Who... Essays, Interviews, Scripts (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999)
Yvonne Rainer: Work 1961-73 (Nova Scotia College of Art and Design and New York University Press, 1974)
Talking Pictures: Filme, Feminismus, Psychoanalyse, Avantgarde (Passagen Verlag, Vienna, 1994)
Radical Juxtaposition: The Films Of Yvonne Rainer by Shelley Green (Scarecrow Press, New Jersey, 1994)
Feelings Are Facts: A Life by Yvonne Rainer (MIT Press, 2006)
Critical acclaim for the films of Yvonne Rainer
“Rainer is a fiercely non-compromising artist who learned to use the cinema's magic and muscle to layer space and time in a completely non-naturalistic way.... She has always been as committed to emotional volatility and psychological meat-packing (topped with large doses of analysis) as any character-driven filmmaker. But her mode is more athletic, pummelling the viewer with associative motion picture collages made of language, cinematic space, character (as analytic tool), and story (as accretion). In this sense, Rainer's narrative style owes as much to Gertrude Stein, Virginia Woolf, and Buster Keaton as it does to Maya Deren and Michael Snow."
- Thyrza Nichols Goodeve, ART IN AMERICA, 1997
"Rainer is the avant-garde's most important woman filmmaker since Maya Deren...more likely, she's the most influential American avant-garde filmmaker of the past dozen years, with an impact as evident in London or Berlin as in New York...That Rainer's work engages that of Godard and Brakhage, arguably the two most powerfully original filmmakers of the past 30 years, is another measure of her centrality. But addicted as she is to the life of her times, it seems perverse to segregate Rainer in an avant-garde ghetto. The relationship of psychodrama to the films of actor-auteurs like Charlie Chaplin or Barbra Streisand is a fallow field for academics. Nevertheless, it's apparent that...Rainer has many points of contact with her fellow toiler in the vineyards of urban sophistication, Woody Allen."
- J. Hoberman, THE VILLAGE VOICE, 1986
"Let me offer a further explanation... of what Rainer is being brilliant about this time... Rainer is interested in politics not as slogans but as daily life. She is interested in ideas not as objects of study but as actions of the mind and heart. She is interested in social roles not as fixed identities but as loyalties that can conflict and sometimes shift. She is interested in filmmaking not as a tool but as a toy, which is most useful when most surprising..."
- Stuart Klawans, THE NATION, 1991
"Yvonne Rainer's films are as complex as thought, filled with unexpected images, snippets of sound and statements profound and silly-all competing for attention on the same plane of peception. It's an approach that lets her meld wildly divergent topics into one film, to experiment with the limitations of the medium."
- Chiori Santiage, SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE, 1990
"In an age of debonair and often apolitical postmodern art, Rainer has remained that rarest of creatures-a tough, critical, ever sceptical political artist."
- Adrian Martin, MELBOURNE SUNDAY HERALD, 1990
"Yvonne Rainer's work in the cinema can be seen as a milestone, marking a point of no return for women's cinema and daring the cinema more generally to look for new directions. Her movies are so infused with the immediacy of personal struggle with life and its representations, that they resist monumental categorization or historic institutionalization. With a rare mixture of passion and irony, Rainer creates and then questions, making intricate patterns of restless instability. She guides the audience through stories, situations, characters and crises of all kinds with the deft hand of someone who knows her own minefield."
- Laura Mulvey, 1989
ALICE PLAYTEN, KENDAL THOMAS, ROD McLACHLAN
JENNIE MOREAU, SASHA MARTIN, BARBARA HAAS, RAINN WILSON
Written, Produced and Directed by YVONNE RAINER
Director of Photography STEPHEN KAZMIERSKI
Production Designer STEPHEN McCABE
Costume Designer LINDA GUI
Line Producer STEPHEN SCHMIDT
Music FRANK LONDON
Art Director CATHY COOK
Casting HEIDI GRIFFITHS
1st Assistant Director CHRISTINE LeGOFF
Sound Recordist DAVID POWERS
2nd Assistant Director MELINA JOCHUM
1st Assistant Camera MIA BARKER
2nd Assistant Camera EILEEN SCHRIEBER/DORAY DONNET
Propmaster CHRIS DES MARAIS
Script Supervisor C.LEIGH PURTILL
Editor YVONNE RAINER
Sound Editor LEO TROMBETTA